History of Morocco, a country of civilization

History of Morocco The country is located in North Africa along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, its rich history gives it a rich culture, diverse cuisine, music, and an ancient kingdom. The following is a brief overview of the history of Morocco.

History of Morocco

Morocco is a kingdom located in North West Africa, overlooking the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Morocco also borders Spain. The Strait of Gibraltar is only 13 kilometers wide, where the Mediterranean meets the Atlantic Ocean. Morocco’s area is approximately 446,550 square kilometers, of which 250 square kilometers are water bodies. Morocco ranks 59th among countries in the world in terms of area.

capital of Morocco

Rabat is the capital city of Morocco. It is on the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Bouregreg River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean from Morocco. It is also an economic center and an important tourist destination. Despite being the capital, it is not considered the most populous city in the State of Morocco, with a population of Morocco, has 33,986,655 people, according to 2017 estimates. Most of them are concentrated along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean coasts. Population centers are mainly in the Atlas Mountains. Many people live in rural areas, and there are a lot of them.

Moroccan population

The people who live in Morocco are mostly Arabs and Amazigh because the country was divided into groups based on their language. And most of the population of Morocco is Muslims; They constitute 99% of the total population. It is worth noting that the largest city in Morocco is Casablanca, which has the main port. The other town is Tangiers, located on the Strait of Gibraltar; Agadir overlooks the Atlantic Ocean; Al Hoceima overlooks the Mediterranean; and To the city of Fez includes the best markets in North Africa.

Countries that appeared in Morocco

Idris State

The Idrisid state appeared in 788 AD and continued until 974 AD. Its founder was Idris bin Abdullah; historical sources mention that he sought refuge in the Far Maghreb after escaping a trap. Some tribes met with him, united with them, and established a Shiite emirate with its independent entity from Kairouan in 788 AD. His son Idris II is the real founder of the Idrisid state, whose capital was the city of Fez. The Idrisid state was divided more than once until the Fatimids seized the Far Maghreb in 921 AD. As for the mountains adjacent to Tangier, they were Elimination of what remained of the Idrisids at the hands of the Umayyads.

Almoravid state

Almoravids were a religious group that started in the southern desert of Morocco in 1056 AD and lasted until 1147 AD. They were led by Abdullah bin Yassin Al-Jazuli, who called his followers the Almoravids. Many leaders followed the Almoravids until the leadership reached Ibn Tashfin and Abu Bakr in 1056 AD. They tried to avoid a conflict between the Almoravids and other groups. It is worth noting that the Almoravid state went through many stages until the Almohads shook it. They took control of the capital and eliminated the state after they were killed. The last of its princes is Ishaq bin Ali bin Yusuf.

The state of the Almohads

When Muhammad ibn Tumart, a member of the Almohad state, expressed his displeasure with the organization in 1269 AD, it ended. Since then, the monotheists have been both strong and weak, and he asked that the doctrine of monotheism be taught to young people. One of its rulers brought the Maghreb together from the west. Made Marrakech one of the most prominent Islamic cities in the area. The state broke down soon after the Caliph, Al-Nasir, lost the Battle of Al-Uqab, and the Almohads lost.

Marinid State

The Banu Marin appeared when Abu Muhammad Abd al-Haq bin Mahiou defeated the Almohads in 1216 AD. In 1269 AD, the Marinid state was formed by Sultan Al-Mansur, who eliminated the Almohads once and for all. It took control of Marrakech, where the Banu Marin tried to extend their influence through the Muwahhideen state. However, they failed in that, noting that the attempts of the Marinids continued; To control Far Morocco until they were defeated by the Wattasids in 1471 AD, and they had no control except over the city of Marrakech. They also used the Portuguese invaders on the Wattasids until the Portuguese began to extend their control over the Far Maghreb, so they took control of the Sous coast, and the coast of Brega captured us. From the current city of Agadir, Morocco got rid of Portugal’s maximum power after the Saadian state’s emergence. It is worth noting that the Marinid state officially ended in 1465 AD.

Saadian State

The Saadian nobles belong to an honorable family. Their lineage is related to Muhammad, the pure soul of the sons of Hussein bin Ali. May God be pleased with them. The people of Susa asked Muhammad al-Qa’im al-Saadi to take over their leadership in the jihadist movement, as the Wetas family admitted, hoping he would provide them with assistance. They influenced the Far Maghreb until they reached the Senegal Basin. It is worth mentioning that the most prosperous Saadian era was the era of Al-Mansur. Games, competitions, and alliances appeared until the end of the Saadi dynasty in the middle of the seventeenth century AD. The Saadi family specifically ended In 1613 AD.

The state of the Alawites

The Alawites appeared in 1641 AD. Their appearance was at the hands of Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Sharif, who overran the city of Fez. However, he came out of it quickly and was defeated after the enemies killed him in 1665 AD. His brother al-Rashid was pledged allegiance and had gone out against him. The Alawite state was founded by Al-Rashid, who took over Fez and Marrakesh. The Alawite state was also founded by Al-Rashid, who took over Fez and Marrakesh. The Alawite state was also founded by Al-Rashid, who took over Fez and Marrakesh.

It is worth noting that treaties began with European countries, such as Spain and France, during the era of the Alawi state. In 1836 AD, Sultan Abdul Rahman Suleiman offered privileges to the United States of America subjects. He also concluded a treaty with Britain in 1856 AD. The Alawites had a relationship with the Ottomans. Even though the relationship was tense at times, it involved the cooperation of the two countries against Spain, where the Ottomans were interested in recognizing the nominal sovereignty of the rulers of Morocco. The relations between the two countries improved during Muhammad bin Abdullah’s era, strengthening ties with the Ottoman Empire and the countries of the Arab Islamic Mashreq.

colonization of morocco

French colonial ambitions appeared in Morocco after France occupied Algeria. After Sultan Abd al-Rahman surrendered to France’s demands regarding trade concessions and regard to borders, France continued to pressure Morocco until it occupied it. In 1912 AD, both Spain and France invaded and occupied Morocco. It was divided into several parts, and the largest share of it was for France. France occupied Morocco for several motives, the most important of which were: the protection of Algeria, which was one of its colonies, and the desire to control its wealth, such as zinc, manganese, salt, iron, and other wealth that enjoyed. Morocco, which makes it coveted by other countries, as the proceeds from this wealth go to finance France, in addition to a portion obtained by Spain as well, and one of the manifestations of France’s colonization of Morocco was that it imposed on the Moroccans to fight alongside the French army. It also kept the Sultan as ruler of Morocco in a manner. My figure only, that is, he is a ruler under her supervision.

Morocco’s independence

Morocco began a rebellion against French rule when the French first set foot in the country, which led to a lot of trouble. The French government in Morocco didn’t stop. People in Morocco lived in poverty. Many were killed in the revolutions against French colonialism that started in 1944And the hard work began, so they founded the Independence Party. The French started to use violence against them. They arrested them and shot them as they sent Mohammed V to Madagascar. From August 19, 1955, to November 5, 1955, the Moroccans and the French were in a violent war. On November 5, about 1,000 people were killed. Then, on November 5, 1955 AD, France agreed to grant the Moroccans their independence, and it was officially declared on March 2, 1956 AD.

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